This is a very short post on how to make the quickest and simplest head coverings ,coifs,mob caps and cauls,these are items that dont really change much in style over the centuries so are very useful and in addtion very cheap and quick to make ,they are need just small piece of fabric a cushion ocver ,pillow case, skirt ,blouse ,dress ,tray cloth would also provide enough fabricand can all be made in almost any fabrics .The basic coif is a syle of head covering worn by men ,women ,children and babies.
a piece of fabric big enough to cover the hair you want covered .If your just cover a bun that can be a few inches or for a full head caul a 12 inch or more piece ,you want it to be generouse enough to puff out slightly when your wearing it.It doesnt need to be circular any shape will do just cut curves to any rough or square edges to make it as curved as possible ,the shape works better if its slightly flatter at one end but its not essential .
The fabric you choose will create the historical context ,medieval,Renaissance, 18thc ,victorian etc
You can use net
Or some jewled or beaded fabric,this was a beaded vintage bodice /blouse
or a small piece of fancy fabric
gather the edges ,thread a needle and use it with the cotton pulled through and knotted at the end so its double the strength and do a length of stiches ,running stitches ,,then pull then tighter to make gathers.
You can stitch over the running stiches to make it sturdier if you feel its needed or sew a a couple of little loops of ribbon to use for hair pins but otherwise the snoods now finished .
You can add trims to the front if your wearing it in a way were the front will be visible or leave it plain
I dont use loops to attach the caul to my hair as clips work fine .You can also sew the caul onto a headdress
To make a Gauldhaube type snood ,or a more elaborate headdress you can stitch a panel of fancy trim or jewled trim to the front and gathered the caul around it rto make this design needs a little more fabric
To make a cap
To make a little regency or 18thc /Georgian /colonial cap is extreeemly easy and takes 5 minutes.
Simply buy a vintage or new white cotton mat /doily thats edged in lace
Gather the edges with a running stitch so it fits neatly ontop of your head and its finished
These are also very easy and use two two pieces of fabric
First cut the back the curved top peice needs to be long and enough to cover the back of your head .
Now cut the long strip ,this needs to be long enough to go around the curved back panel and deep enough to cover at least part of your hair.Most coifs go almost to your face
but medieval styles are shallower,the shallower ones may need some ties to keep them on.
Now stitch the two pieces together wrong side to wrong side,,ie inside out
The hem the edges
The coifs now finished and wearable
The fabric you use for a coif will help make it look authentic for the era you need and for the class of person your playing
so you can make peasants coifs
this fur one could be for a man or woman
or poor womens coifs
or medieval royal coifs if you can find jewled fabrics ,maybe abn old evening gown or blouse
If you only have plain fabric to create a much more impressive coif try adding trim ,the trim choosen will help create an authentic feel to the coif ,the main difference between medievbal ,18thc and victorian coifs are the fabrics and trims
For example heres a aqua silk coif with medieval or early renaissance trim
and the same style and fabric with later 18thc style trim
A jeweled medeival style trim
or a blackwork tudor style trim
or you can add frilled lace trim to give a Victorian feel ,the coif below is an acutal victorian coif as I dont currently have a frilled coif
Ypu can make a more elaborate coif
this is slightly harder but is basicaly a snood attached to coif front,you then also need a peice of the coif fabric a few inches long and one inch wide for the back
To make the snood cut a long strip of fabric as for the coif ,but you dont cut a coif back piece instead you will sew the snood to the fabric as though it were the coif back.Because the coif front strip is not shaped to go around your neck you sew the little strip to each side and tck the snood onto it ,sorry I havet yet got photos for this coif but I will try to add some soon but if you look at the green velvet part of the coif below you can see the little back strip.
You can use different fabrics for the snood and front for this style or add more trims.
I hope this post has been useful